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NFPA 704 Flammability rating 본문

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NFPA 704 Flammability rating

chemica 2013.12.07 06:17
  • NFPA 704 flammability rating 1

Substance

LFL/LEL in %

by volume of air

UFL/UEL in %

by volume of air

NFPA Class

Flash point

Minimum ignition energy in mJ

expressed as percent by volume in air

(Note, for many chemicals it

takes the least amount of

ignition energy midpoint between

the LEL and UEL.)[1]

Autoignition

temperature

Dichlorofluoromethane

  

54.7

  

Non flammable,[16] -36.1 °C[17]

  

552 °C

Dichloromethane, methylene chloride

16

66

  

Non flammable

  

  

1,1-Difluoroethylene

5.5

21.3

  

-126.1 °C[21]

  

  

Diisobutyl ketone

1

6

  

49 °C

  

  

Epichlorohydrin

4

21

  

31 °C

  

  

2-Ethoxyethanol

3

18

  

43 °C

  

  

2-Ethoxyethyl acetate

2

8

  

56 °C

  

  

Ethylbenzene

1.0

7.1

  

15–20 °C

  

  

Ethylene glycol

3

22

  

111 °C

  

  

Fuel oil No.1

0.7[3]

5

  

  

  

  

Glycerol

3

19

  

199 °C

  

  

Heptane, n-heptane

1.05

6.7

  

-4 °C

0.24 @ 3.4%

204–215 °C

Hexane, n-hexane

1.1

7.5

  

-22 °C

0.24 @ 3.8%

225 °C, 233 °C[2]

Isobutyl alcohol

2

11

  

28 °C

  

  

Isophorone

1

4

  

84 °C

  

  

Methyl acetate

3

16

  

-10 °C

  

  

Mineral spirits

0.7[2]

6.5

  

38–43 °C

  

258 °C

Neohexane

1.19[3]

7.58

  

29 °C

  

425 °C

Nickel tetracarbonyl

2

34

  

4 °C

  

60 °C

Nitromethane

7.3

22.2

  

35 °C

  

379 °C

Octane

1

7

  

13 °C

  

  

iso-Octane

0.79

5.94

  

  

  

  

Propyl acetate

2

8

  

13 °C

  

  

Pyridine

2

12

  

20 °C

  

  

Triethylborane

  

  

  

-20 °C

  

-20 °C

Vinyl acetate

2.6

13.4

  

8 °C

  

  

Vinyl chloride

3.6

33

  

  

  

  

Acetaldehyde

4.0

57.0

IA

-39 °C

0.37

175 °C

Acetylene

2.5

82

IA

-18 °C

0.017 @ 8.5% (in pure oxygen 0.0002 @ 40%)

305 °C

Arsine

4.5–5.1[3]

78

IA

Flammable gas

  

  

1,3-Butadiene

2.0

12

IA

-85 °C

0.13 @ 5.2%

  

Butane, n-butane

1.6

8.4

IA

-60 °C

0.25 @ 4.7%

420–500 °C

Butylene, 1-butylene, 1-butene

1.98[3]

9.65

IA

-80 °C

  

  

Carbon monoxide

12[3]

75

IA

-191 °C Flammable gas

  

609 °C

Chlorine monoxide

  

  

IA

Flammable gas

  

  

1-Chloro-1,1-difluoroethane

6.2

17.9

IA

-65 °C Flammable gas

  

  

Cyanogen

6.0–6.6[6]

32–42.6

IA

Flammable gas

  

  

Cyclobutane

1.8

11.1

IA

-63.9 °C[7]

  

426.7 °C

Cyclopropane

2.4

10.4

IA

-94.4 °C[13]

0.17 @ 6.3%

498 °C

Diborane

0.8

88

IA

-90 °C Flammable gas[14]

  

38 °C

1,1-Dichloroethene

6.5

15.5

IA

-10 °C Flammable gas

  

  

Dichlorosilane

4 - 4.7

96

IA

-28 °C

0.015

  

Diethyl ether

1.9–2

36–48

IA

-45 °C

0.19 @ 5.1%

160–170 °C

1,1-Difluoroethane

3.7

18

IA

-81.1 °C[20]

  

  

Dimethylamine

2.8

14.4

IA

Flammable gas

  

  

Dimethyl sulfide

  

  

IA

-49 °C

  

  

Ethane

3[3]

12–12.4

IA

Flammable gas -135 °C

  

515 °C

Ethyl acetate

2

12

IA

-4 °C

  

460 °C

Ethylamine

3.5

14

IA

-17 °C

  

  

Ethylene

2.7

36

IA

  

0.07

490 °C

Ethylene oxide

3

100

IA

20 °C

  

  

Ethyl chloride

3.8[3]

15.4

IA

50 °C

  

  

Ethyl mercaptan

  

  

IA

  

  

  

Furan

2

14

IA

-36 °C

  

  

Hydrogen

4/18.3[22]

75/59

IA

Flammable gas

0.016 @ 28% (in pure oxygen 0.0012)

500–571 °C

Hydrogen sulfide

4.3

46

IA

Flammable gas

0.068

  

Isobutane

1.8[3]

9.6

IA

Flammable gas

  

462 °C

Isopropyl chloride

  

  

IA

  

  

  

Lithium hydride

  

  

IA

  

  

  

Methane (natural gas)

4.4–5

15–17

IA

Flammable gas

0.21 @ 8.5%

580 °C

Methylamine

  

  

IA

8 °C

  

  

Methyl chloride

10.7[3]

17.4

IA

-46 °C

  

  

Methyl ether

  

  

IA

41 °C

  

  

Methyl ethyl ether

  

  

IA

  

  

  

Methyl formate

  

  

IA

  

  

  

Methyl mercaptan

3.9

21.8

IA

-53 °C

  

  

Pentane

1.5

7.8

IA

-40 to -49 °C

as 2-Pentane 0.18 @ 4.4%

260 °C

n-Pentane

1.4

7.8

IA

  

0.28 @ 3.3%

  

iso-Pentane

1.32[3]

9.16

IA

  

  

420 °C

Phosphine

  

  

IA

  

  

  

Propane

2.1

9.5–10.1

IA

Flammable gas

0.25 @ 5.2% (in pure oxygen 0.0021)

480 °C

Propylene

2.0

11.1

IA

-108 °C

0.28

458 °C

Propylene oxide

2.3

36

IA

  

  

  

Silane

1.5[3]

98

IA

  

  

<21 °C

Tetrafluoroethylene

  

  

IA

  

  

  

Trimethylamine

  

  

IA

Flammable gas

  

  

Trinitrobenzene

  

  

IA

  

  

  

Acetone

2.6–3

12.8–13

IB

-17 °C

1.15 @ 4.5%

465 °C, 485 °C[2]

Acetonitrile

  

  

IB

2 °C

  

524 °C

Acetyl chloride

7.3

19

IB

5 °C

  

390 °C

Acrolein

2.8

31

IB

-26 °C

0.13

  

Acrylonitrile

3.0

17.0

IB

0 °C

0.16 @ 9.0%

  

Allyl chloride

2.9

11.1

IB

-32 °C

0.77

  

Benzene

1.2

7.8

IB

-11 °C

0.2 @ 4.7%

560 °C

n-Butyl acetate, butyl acetate

1–1.7[2]

8–15

IB

24 °C

  

370 °C

n-Butyl chloride, 1-chlorobutane

1.8

10.1

IB

-6 °C

1.24

  

n-Butyl mercaptan

1.4[4]

10.2

IB

2 °C

  

225 °C

Carbon disulfide

1.0

50.0

IB

-30 °C

0.009 @ 7.8%

90 °C

Cyclohexane

1.3

7.8–8

IB

-18 °C to -20 °C[8]

0.22 @ 3.8%

245 °C

Cyclopentadiene[10]

  

  

IB

0 °C

0.67

640 °C

Cyclopentane

1.5–2

9.4

IB

-37 to -38.9 °C[11][12]

0.54

361 °C

1,1-Dichloroethane

6

11

IB

14 °C

  

  

1,2-Dichloroethane

6

16

IB

13 °C

  

413 °C

Diethanolamine

2

13

IB

169 °C

  

  

Diethylamine

1.8

10.1

IB

-23 to -26 °C

  

312 °C

Diethyl sulfide

  

  

IB

-10 °C[19]

  

  

Diisopropyl ether

1

21

IB

-28 °C

  

  

1,1-Dimethylhydrazine

  

  

IB

  

  

  

1,4-Dioxane

2

22

IB

12 °C

  

  

Ethanol, ethyl alcohol

3–3.3

19

IB

12.8 °C (55 °F)

  

365 °C

Gasoline (100 octane)

1.4

7.6

IB

< 40 °C (40 °F)

  

246–280 °C

Isopropyl alcohol, isopropanol

2[3]

12

IB

12 °C

  

398–399 °C; 425 °C[2]

Methyl alcohol, methanol

6–6.7[3]

36

IB

11 °C

  

385 °C; 455 °C[2]

Methyl ethyl ketone

1.8[3]

10

IB

-6 °C

  

505–515 °C[2]

Styrene

1.1

6.1

IB

31–32.2 °C

  

490 °C

Tetrahydrofuran

2

12

IB

-14 °C

  

321 °C

Toluene

1.2–1.27

6.75–7.1

IB

4.4 °C

0.24 @ 4.1%

480 °C; 535 °C[2]

Butyl alcohol, butanol

1

11

IC

29 °C

  

  

n-Butanol

1.4[2]

11.2

IC

35 °C

  

340 °C

Butyl methyl ketone, 2-hexanone

1[5]

8

IC

25 °C

  

423 °C

Morpholine

1.8

10.8

IC

31–37.7 °C

  

310 °C

Turpentine

0.8[23]

  

IC

35 °C

  

  

Xylenes

0.9–1.0

6.7–7.0

IC

27–32 °C

0.2

  

m-Xylene

1.1[2]

7

IC

25 °C

  

525 °C

o-Xylene

  

  

IC

17 °C

  

  

p-Xylene

1.0

6.0

IC

27.2 °C

  

530 °C

Acetic acid (glacial)

4

19.9

II

39 °C to 43 °C

  

463 °C

Acetic anhydride

  

  

II

54 °C

  

  

Cyclohexanone

1–1.1

9–9.4

II

43.9–44 °C

  

420 °C[9]

Decane

0.8

5.4

II

46.1 °C

  

210 °C

Diethyl disulfide

1.2

  

II

38.9 °C[18]

  

  

Kerosene Jet A-1

0.6–0.7

4.9–5

II

>38 °C (100 °F) as jet fuel

  

210 °C

Cyclohexanol

1

9

IIIA

68 °C

  

300 °C

o-Dichlorobenzene, 1,2-dichlorobenzene

2[15]

9

IIIA

65 °C

  

648 °C

Diesel fuel

0.6

7.5

IIIA

>62 °C (143 °F)

  

210 °C

2-Mercaptoethanol

  

  

IIIA

  

  

  

Naphthalene

0.9[3]

5.9

IIIA

79–87 °C

  

  

Nitrobenzene

2

9

IIIA

88 °C

  

  

Ammonia

15

28

IIIB

11 °C

680

651 °C

Dimethyl sulfoxide

2.6–3

42

IIIB

88–95 °C

  

215 °C

Vegetable oil

  

  

IIIB

327 °C (620 °F)

  

  

See also[edit source | editbeta]

   

출처: <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lower_explosive_limit>

1 Comments
  • 프로필사진 chemica 2013.12.07 06:34 오늘 부터 .. 갖고 있는 자료 .. 무한정으로 방류함 ..
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